Receive Monetary Rewards
While the primary motive for whistleblowing is often to right a wrong, a successful whistleblower can reap substantial monetary rewards from the Government for bringing the information to light—often in the form of millions of dollars.
The sum of a successful whistleblower’s reward is calculated based upon statutorily provided formulas. Below is a list of the more common whistleblower statues, a brief explanation of the purposes behind each, and a list of the rewards successful whistleblowers may receive.
False Claims Act
The False Claims Act (“FCA”) empowers private persons having information regarding a false or fraudulent claim against the Government to bring an action on behalf of the Government and to share in any recovery. The Act provides for treble damages, three times the dollar value of the fraud, and allows whistleblowers under the FCA, known as “Relators,” to earn awards for revealing the fraud of between 15 and 30 percent of the Government’s recovery. In addition to the Federal FCA, many states have enacted companion FCA provisions that seek to protect the individual state from similar types of fraud.
State FCA whistleblower rewards differ by jurisdiction. Of the states that maintain individual FCA provisions, the relator’s share ranges from 15% to 50%.
Maryland provides for an award of between 15% and 25%.
Like the Federal FCA, the following states provide for relator awards of between 15% and 30%: Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington.
California and Nevada provide for awards of between 15% and 50%, while Tennessee provides for an award of between 25% and 50%.